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Тарговый купол Заргарон

The covered markets and baths
At intersections of the main city roads of Bukhara difficult dome buildings - currents were built. Passing Give to drink Kalyan, the former trade highway brings us to the most ancient intersection of trunk mains of a medieval shakhristan where traditional "four markets" — "chakhar a bough" met, joining the dome building to which passed the name of the intersection — Chorsu.

Zargaron trade dome
On the place ancient Chorsu Bukhara in 1569/70 as the chronicler of the 16th century Hafizi Tanysh reports, the largest of the remained trade passages of Bukhara — zargaron (zargaron a trade dome), a dome of jewelers, the building excellent in own way was built. It is a dome passage, i.e. the arch over a carriageway in connection with group of surrounding galleries for benches and workshops. zargaron (Currents Zargaron) contained 36 workshops and shops of jewelers, with all stock.
Tim Abdullah khan
If to move from this dome to the South, then on the way it is possible to see one of remarkable market buildings of an era of sheybanid an arcade Tim Ablulla-han (1577) at the left (Tim Abdullah khan a trade Dome). The main dome of the building is put on the octahedral basis, it is surrounded by the gallery covered by a series of small domes. Tim is lit with the small windows, which are cut through in a low drum and light small lamps in domes of galleries. Here always the twilight and a cool reigns.
Telpak Furushon
Telpak Furushon (Telpak Furushon the trade dome) could be bought magnificent headdresses: the zolotoshveyny and embroidered by beads skullcaps, fur caps, smartly curtailed turbans. To the building under different-sized corners five streets met; masters solved this difficult town-planning knot, having passed roads between six radially dispersing poles bearing a low spherical dome (diameter of its 14,5 m) on a dodecahedral light lamp. On 12 axes the gallery bypassing the hall with niches, storerooms and warehouses of goods is under construction.
The western passage Telpak Furushon goes outside Mekhtar Ambar. The first building on the right adjoining a wall Telpak Furushon is ancient karavansaray Kuleta (16 century). It is a little forward and on the left, there is a mosque Kurpa in the not restored appeal. Almost at the end of this street there is a madrasah Mullo Tursunzhon on the right.
The dome sarrafon (Sarrafon the Trade Dome) is located on an ancient aryk Shakhrud. Now this aryk is hidden in the concreted channel under street asphalt. Under this dome the "dealers in money" making exchange of money and usurious operations sat with the manual safes and caskets. Here too the skullcaps embroidered by gold, snow-white turbans edged by fur of a kulyakha, an earring, a pendant, a precious harness, ware were on sale.
During restoration it was revealed what in four centuries which passed from the date of construction Currents Sarrafon the basis appeared on nearly two meters below than the level of the earth.
Bukhara baths
Near a passage Sarrafon — the bath restored after archeological excavations Sarrafon — indispensable composed the city public center. Huge significance was attached to medicinal and hygienic properties of a bath. Even in "A canon of medical science" Abu Ali ibn Sino notes as the advantage of a good bath a solid structure, moderate temperature, bright light, good air, the spacious waiting room painted with beautiful pictures, pleasant water. Sarrofon conducts an entrance to a bath directly with the street in rather spacious razdevalnyu and the vacation spot. Further a series of the dome rooms buried to the earth connected among themselves by the narrow vaulted courses begins.
In Bukhara one more ancient bath, Bozor-i the Cord, near a dome Telpak Furushon remained. Semi basement rooms of ancient baths squeezed among market buildings and hardly tower over the street the inexpressive low domes. The Bukhara baths represent historical and cultural interest as typical monuments of civil engineering of Bukhara of the 16th century.
Baths often confuse with special rooms for ritual ablution — they were available in many quarters of the city and were two types: a takhoratkhona — the place for incomplete ablution, which, under Sharia, has to precede each prayer, and a guslkhona — the rooms divided into the isolated cabins where full ablution could be made. The last consisted in an okatyvaniye water of all body — from head to foot — and were obligatory after matrimonial proximity. Such ablution was made as well at home, but in a guslkhon in cold time there was warm water that provided the high level of comfort to the coddled residents of the capital. In a guslkhon everything having need them to use were in the dressing gown thrown the head as before ablution they were considered as dirty. The maintenance of rooms for ablution was a duty of parishioners. Each family delivered fuel for this purpose or in turn, or all residents of the quarter participated in its purchase. The quarter community employed some poor from among residents of the quarter, which served the room for ablution and warmed up water.