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Мемориал Палван Махмуда

The memorial Palvan Mahmoud. Large-scale an architectural complex of the mausoleum Palvan (Pakhlavan) - Mahmoud settles down in the central part of the internal city of Ichang-Kala. Almost from any point, the turquoise dome of the mausoleum topped with a gold sphere is visible. Pakhlavan-Mahmoud's memorial - one of the best samples of medieval architecture of Central Asia, a symbol of Khiva. The memorial is built over a grave of the famous Khivan poet, philosopher and fighter Pakhlavan-Mahmoud living at 13-14 centuries and who is considered as the patron saint of the city. 

To the small initial building the mosque, madrasah were attached, and then the memorial became a tomb of the Khivan khans. The present shape found a complex after radical reorganization at the beginning of the 19th century. Now this popular place of a pilgrimage and cult center. Walls of the building are trimmed by mayolikovy facing, carved doors and finishing of a gravestone of Pakhlavan-Mahmoud from a ceramic mosaic are of interest. 

Pakhlavan Mahmoud's mausoleum — an architectural complex in Khiva (Uzbekistan), one of the best works of the Khivan architecture of the middle of the 19th century executed in traditions of the Khorezm architecture of Timurovsky time.
Pakhlavan Mahmoud living in the 13th century was the local poet from ordinary handicraftsmen who became famous for also powerful strength of the invincible fighter and ability to healing of people. Its grave was at the cemetery behind Juma mosque. The local oral tradition contains the description of many details connected with life and Pakhlavan Mahmoud's feats. For a long time he is esteemed as feast here, that is the patron saint of the city.

Originally the building of the mausoleum was modest, but as this place turned into the popular place of the palomnichest, soon mosques and a hanaka where pilgrims also made prayers were built here, and, besides, there were inhabited and other rooms for the device of necessary living conditions. Gradually the mausoleum turned into a majestic construction, with the biggest dome in Khiva covered with a blue glazed tile with the sparkling gilded top. During government of the Alla-sacks-khan, the building was decorated with mayolikovy facing.

In 1810 construction, Adin's master Mahomed Murad from Hazarasp directed. Mayolikovy facing is dated 1825 when Nour was constructed by Muhammad other party of gallery, the son Usto Kalandar Hivaki and Sufi Muhammad, the son Abdal Zhabbar. Abdullah Gene was the author of drawings, Nadir Muhammad made a carved wooden door in 1893 — 1894. Construction of a magnificent architectural complex was it is finished by a construction of ayvan with carved columns in a southeast part of the yard.

The early mausoleum of Pakhlavan-Mahmoud was reconstructed in 1810 Mr. Mahomed Rakhim khan I (1806 — 1825). The new mausoleum included an old tomb and a hanaka with a high double dome which silhouette became one of the main symbols of Khiva. Before an entrance to the mausoleum, the funeral yard was arranged, and gate of the old cemetery became the entrance portal of a memorial of Pakhlavan-Mahmoud. At the beginning of the 20th century by request of Asfandiyar-hana (1910 — 1918) on West side of the yard the two-storeyed korikhona, and on East side — the summer ayvanny mosque was constructed. Mayolikovy facing of a memorial included many cartouches with religious sayings, Pakhlavan-Mahmoud's verses and names of masters.

Architectural complex
Mahomed's grave Rakhim khan in a complex of the mausoleum Pakhlavan Mahmoud
In the 17th century, the entrance portal to the mausoleum was constructed on South side
In 1719, Shergazi-han, building new madrasah to the south from the cemetery, focused it on Pakhlavan Mahmoud's Mausoleum.
In 1810, after a successful campaign on Kungrad, Mahomed Rakhim khan I decided to change ensemble considerably. The late construction was stretched on the East and partially to the south from the initial mausoleum.
In the family crypt attached to the mausoleum began to bury members of hansky family.
Marble gravestones of Abulgazi-hana (1663) and Anusha-hana (1681) were transferred to the new building and established after a funeral niche Mahomed Rakhim khan.
In 1913 in the yard before the mausoleum built the two-storeyed building. Funeral crypts of mother and sons of Isfandiyar-hana, as well as the place for Isfandiyar's burial are located in rooms of this building.
According to the accepted version, Asfandiyar, died beyond limits Ichang-Kala, in the Nurullabaya palace, and was not buried in the place prepared for it.
His son Temur Ghazi who was poisoned was buried not here too, and in the mausoleum Said Makhiry Zhakhana, near the grandfather.