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Мавзолей Саида Алауддина

Seyid Allauddin mausoleum (14th century). This known two-chamber monument of architecture, which grew into the earth, is between madrasah Mahomed-Amin khan and Matniyaz-divan-begi. The small tomb with a unique mayolikovy gravestone was constructed in the first half of the 14th century, and in the XIX century the spacious hall - a ziaretkhana with a portal entrance was added to it from the West. The gravestone in the gurkhena is executed in the Khorezm traditions of the 14th century. 

In the center Ichang-Kaly appeared the extensive architectural complex (1810 - 1913) which grew near a grave of the remarkable poet Pakhlavan-Mahmoud, the resident of Khiva (1247 - 1325) now. He was also famous fighter and the handicraftsman - the master in sewing of fur coats. The legend turned a name of the athlete in a feast - the patron of Khiva. At Babur about him it is told:. Pakhlavan Muhammad Bu Sayid was one of matchless people of that time. He was an outstanding fighter and also composed verses... Pakhlavan Muhammad was the person pleasant in a conversation; the combination to craft of the fighter of such properties - is very surprising". The poet humanist sang of moral purity of the person, branded oppressors.
Pakhlavan was buried in the yard of the workshop, and over time this grave became a basis of the extensive cemetery.
The existing entrance to an architectural complex was issued as the inscription on a door testifies, in 1113 Hijra (1701) by construction by Shakhniyaz-hanom of a dome booth - Darwaz khans.
Tomb and Pakhlavan-Mahmoud's gravestone. it is similar to hansky, were "dressed" by the Khivan dark blue-light blue mayolikovy facings over time. The majolica of the highest art advantage covers all walls and domes in this building, which was expanded also in 1825 an extension of east gallery. Among epigrafichesky ornaments there are also philosophical sayings, for example, the Person will not become, will not serve mankind yet".
Construction inscriptions tell us names of the masters who built and decorated with a majolica this magnificent monument of architecture. Around a courtyard before the mausoleum, the mosque-ayvan was built. Pilgrims from distant places found a shelter in hudzhrakh-cells. Also the refectory - an oshkhona with kitchen was provided. In 1913 in the yard before the mausoleum, the modern two-storeyed case was constructed. In one of its rooms arranged a magnificent tomb of Isfendiyar-hana.
At the end of the 19th century the cemetery behind the mausoleum was protected with construction four a karikhan and madrasah of Yakubbay-hodzha. Karikhana - charitable institutions - served as the house as a shelter for blind people; because of strong dusty winds in Khwarezm there was a great number of eye diseases. Karikhana occupies Bukharskaya Street bypassing Pakhlavan-Mahmoud's complex from the back. On architecture they unite lines of the dwelling and small madrasah.