Assign modules on offcanvas module position to make them visible in the sidebar.

Мавзолей Пахлаван Махмуда

Khiva: Architectural complex Pakhlavon Mahmoud. In the national epos practically of all countries of the world mentions of people meet the remarkable force and brave heart – athletes. In Central Asia athletes are called by pakhlavons. Further, it will be a question of one of them – Pakhlavona Mahmoud.

Pakhlavon Mahmoud was an outstanding son of Khwarezm. As he was a furrier (the master in manufacture of bellows) that brought it funds for existence, and on calling – the outstanding fighter, the talented poet and the wisest philosopher. During lifetime of Pajlavon Mahmoud became widely known far outside Khiva. There is a legend that the fighter did not suffer any defeat. It conceded only one fight, having learned that in case of defeat his rival is threatened by death. To this day professional Iranian fighters before fight uplift the prayer devoted to great Pakhlavon Mahmoud.

According to the legend, Pakhlavon Mahmoud died in 1322 or in 1325 and was buried in the yard of the workshop. Hivintsa began to consider him the patron of the city, and in 1701 in his honor the mausoleum was built. Soon this place became sacred, around it the whole complex of constructions grew, and the gravestone and the mausoleum of Pakhlavon Mahmoud were skillfully decorated by a traditional blue-white majolica, like hansky tombs.

In the first half of the 19th century the tomb was expanded by an extension to it east gallery. Subsequently in Pakhlavon Mahmoud's mausoleum Mahomed Rakhimkhon I, Abdulgazikhon and Elbars of II and members of hansky families were buried. Thus, Pakhlavon Mahmoud's mausoleum turned into a tomb of the Khivan khans.

At the end of the 19th century in the Pakhlavona complex of Mahmoud the mosque, madrasah and four charitable institutions – a korikhona which served as a haven for blind people, which in Khwarezm Izz there were many strong winds with sand, were built. Here pilgrims for whom premises – hudzhra and the dining room with kitchen – an oshkhona were provided were flown down.

At the beginning of the 20th century before a tomb the two-storied construction was built, one of rooms of which was allocated under richly decorated Isfandiyorkhan's tomb