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Некрополь Шахи-Зинда

Necropolis of Shakhi-Zinda (the XIV-XV vv). It consists of the mausoleums, which were consistently attached one to another within centuries. The entrance Shakhi-Zinda portal finishing all ensemble was constructed by order of Ulugbek. The inscription over an entrance says: "This majestic building is founded by Abdulazizkhan. the son Ulugbek - Guragan, the son Shah - Rukh, the son Amir Temur - Guragana, in 883 g (1434). Long time was considered that in the first mausoleum the friend Ulugbek, the associate on scientific activity famous astronomer Kazy-Rumi's back is buried at the left. However, researches of scientists proved that in this mausoleum there are women's burials.

Having climbed thirty-six steps of an ancient ladder, the visitor gets to open gallery. Here at the left and on the right mausoleums tombs of the immediate family of Temur, including his wife of Tuman-aka and the sister of Width-bika-aha are located. The gallery comes to an end chartak - a dome design on 4 arches. Under it there is an ancient carved door conducting Shahs to the most ancient construction of ensemble on the right - Zinda - to Kusam ibn-Abbas's mausoleum. His Arabs declare him «Saint» for a sermon and planting of Islam in Samarkand after gain. Keepers of Shakhi-Zinda will tell a legend of that. That Kusam living here of ibn-Abbas was killed incorrect during a prayer. However, it having taken the head, disappeared in a well (according to other version disappeared in a cave) where continues to live, allegedly, and until now. From there is also a name "Shakhi-Zinda" that is meant by "The living tsar". Kusam ibn-Abbas's tomb. Fenced off from the funeral room by a carved wooden lattice, it is reverted with tiles with the Arab inscriptions. The architectural complex of Shakhi-Zinda represents the unique museum of a glazed decor of the XIV-XV centuries. Here it is possible to find both an irrigation carved terracotta, and fine samples of a typesetting mosaic, and a large mosaic from irrigation bricks. On a subtlety, grace and a variety of forms any architectural monument of Samarkand cannot be compared to mausoleums Shakhi-Zinda.