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Медресе Ширгази-xана

Madrasah of Shirgazi-hana. It is constructed in 1718-1720 after a successful military campaign of Shirgazi-hana (1715-1728) to Khurasan. Shergazy khan — Over an entrance to the two-storeyed building of madrasah of Shergazy khan an inscription on a marble slab "Death from slaves I accept madrasah". History of this madrasah is tragic. The beginning of construction of this building belongs to 1719. Then, after a campaign to Mashhad, Shergazy khan drove about 5 000 Persians to Khiva, then turned into slaves.

In the same time the group Bekovich-Cherkassk, sent by Peter I to Khiva, for establishment of diplomatic relations was crushed. The Russian soldiers were taken prisoner. And here all this huge mass of people in severe, inhuman conditions built madrasah.

In 1726 the revolt as a result of which Shergazy khan was killed breaks out. And already at other khan construction of madrasah was complete. The western wing of a facade of the building is adjoined by the small mausoleum in which Shergazy khan is buried. In madrasah in the 18th century, the founder of the Turkmen poetry Makhtumkuli Fragi studied.

The research works, which are carried out to the period from 1951 to 1966, became the basis for obtaining the detailed description of twenty four monuments of architecture and classification of madrasah and mosques Ichang-kaly which defined specifics of city building and types of its structures. With development of tourism the general order of planning of the city, excursion routes when sightseeing were developed and preparatory work on creation of reserved areas Ichang-kaly.

It was built by the slaves captured by Shirgazi-hanom in a campaign to Khurasan; upon termination of building freedom was promised them. The laying was executed in one year, but Shirgazi delayed work, and in 1728 the risen slaves killed the khan in unfinished madrasah. Its mausoleum adjoins the main facade of this building. Expiration date of construction is ciphered by the historian Munis in a poetic hronogramm - to Tarija "I accept death from slaves"