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Мечеть Намазгох (10-12 век)

Mosque Namazgokh (12th century), festive, country. In the 12th century gate, Ibrahim on the place of the former garden had a place for carrying out annual Mohammedan prayers. They were carried out on large Muslim holidays, as a rule, with departure out of the city. Besides the general prayers, the sacrifice ceremony was carried out, sacrificial dishes, which were, distributed all believer, irrespective of age and a social status prepared. Here pleasure events were held (various games, competitions of fighters, sharp fellows, etc.).

Namazgokh — the prayful platform intended for church services on holidays of Eid al-Adha and the Ramazan Bayram is in Bukhara in the southwest of Bukhara. The word "namazgokh" indicates the place where the Mohammedan prayer can be made, also decently as it is made in the consecrated mosque. Namazgokh can be the room or just prayful rug, which are used by the Muslim to provide the clean place for a prayer. Namazgokh provide the place for commission of a Mohammedan prayer to a huge congestion of the people arriving with all the district, and even to the armies which are in a campaign. It is considered that on this place namazgokh it was built in the 9th century in the period of board Samanidov. As now Namazgokh is within the city, it lost the initial value. Now country ritual complexes (Baha ad-Din Nakschbandi, the Mausoleum Kasim-sheykha in Kermin, etc) play the role namazgokh in the Bukhara region.

After Islamic gain feast's prayers in Bukhara occurred on Registan, but in the 9th century on the square became close and namazgokh was built in the country, on distance about three kilometers from the downtown. There it was till the 12th century when Arslan-han enjoined that residents did not depart far from Bukhara as it weakens defense capability of the city. As a result the garden Shamsabad was bought and in 1119 — 1120 on its place it was built namazgokh in the form of a wall from a burned brick of long about 38 meters. In a wall was mikhrab (mikhrab — the niche focusing praying facing Mecca) with deaf arches on the parties. Namzgokh it was slightly reconstructed in the 13th and 15th centuries. In the 17th century the mosque got composition of a monumental ayvan: the frontal case three flying gallery with a portal and dome volume in the center. The remains of an initial wall were built in the western mikhrabny wall of the building. Then instead of an old wooden minbar (in Islam "minbar" — department with which the sermon — "hutb" is proclaimed) brick was constructed. In the 16th century the wall was riveted with an irrigation terracotta. Mikhrab namazgokh is ornated by carved alabaster and the mosaic, which is laid out in the form of quotes of geometrical patterns, and inscriptions by the Arab ligature.
Interesting facts
Genghis Khan, having taken Bukhara in 1220 proclaimed immediately this namaz: "You would not wallow in sins, God would not send you such punishment as I".